City and State: Newburyport, Massachusetts
Main Intersection: Broad and Monroe Streets
Founded in the mid 17th century, Newburyport has been significant throughout its history as the regional core of Northern Essex County, with its greatest period of significance occurring between the mid 18th and mid 19th centuries. During this period Newburyport was first primarily a port, and then an industrial center.
Comprising nearly all of the built-up portions of the city, the Newburyport Historic District possesses an outstanding collection of houses, commercial buildings, factories and institutional buildings with good examples of nearly all architectural styles that were current between the 17th century and 1930s. Most have experienced only slight alteration. Especially noteworthy architectural examples are the District’s vernacular, timber-frame houses; late Georgian houses; Federal houses, public buildings and commercial buildings; and early- and mid-Victorian houses and public buildings. Many were designed by architects with national reputations including Charles Bulfinch and Robert Mills.