Borough and State: Manhattan, New York
Listed: Tribeca West – 1991; Tribeca East – 1992; Tribeca North – 1992; Tribeca South – 1992, expanded in 2002
Type of district: certified local historic district
Main Intersection: Hudson and North Moore Streets
Tribeca takes its name from Triangle Below Canal, mistakenly taken as the name for the entire neighborhood after a group of activists used it to describe their block in the 1960s. Tribeca, or the Lower West Side or Washington Market as the neighborhood was more commonly known historically, was a residential district in the 18th century, although that character was almost completely obliterated during the mid-19th century as it became a commercial district. During that period, the eastern part of Tribeca became a textile manufacturing haven and later the western portion of the neighborhood became a grocery center, an extension of the neighboring Washington Market.